Europeana's FTP and OAI-PMH servers

Besides our main Europeana APIs for searching and retrieving metadata about objects, we also offer other methods for downloading and harvesting metadata that are better suited if you’re looking to extract large amounts of data. On this page, you can explore the two solutions available. 

If you want a full discrete dataset from a single data provider, or if you want just a snapshot of our data, then we suggest downloading object metadata from our FTP server as pre-generated compressed ZIP files.

If you want to be kept up-to-date as metadata is changed or if you already use harvesting software, then we recommend using our Harvesting solution using the OAI-PMH service. OAI-PMH serves your files in XML format, which is ideal for data processing activities, especially for digital cultural heritage research. For researchers who are used to working with semantic frameworks and tools such as JENA and SPARQL, we also offer compressed zip files for download formatted in Turtle.

Before starting to use either of these options, please read our Introduction page on how data is structured into Records and Datasets, the API Terms of Use and the Usage Guidelines for metadata.


Europeana’s FTP server

Our FTP server serves ZIP files containing the metadata of all objects in Europeana's repository, organised by dataset, readily available for bulk download. These files are generated on Sunday evening each week, which guarantees that the data is as up-to-date as possible.

FTP listing and file structure

All the files are available on our FTP server at You can connect to an FTP server by using software programs like FileZilla, or you can connect to an FTP server as a Shared Network Location or using the Command Prompt. If you are using a Linux OS, you can run the command: wget -m

Europeana’s FTP server login credentials:





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Our FTP server is structured as follows:

  • two top-level directories, ‘XML’ and ‘TTL’, split the data in RDF-XML format and in Turtle format respectively.

  • Within those directories, every ZIP file has all of the metadata for each Dataset in Europeana, where the name of the file is the dataset identifier (e.g. Every ZIP file has a corresponding MD5 checksum file under the file extension .md5sum (e.g. which can be used to validate the file upon download.

  • In each compressed zip file there will be a file for each Europeana metadata record where the name of the file will be the local identifier of the Record in Europeana.


The data for the Girl with the Pearl Earring from the Mauritshuis encoded using the RDF-XML format will be available at the following URL . To find to which dataset any record belongs, you can check the URL of the record (for the Girl with the pearl earring, the Europeana item URL is ), or you can find the dataset name next to the field 'Collection Name' in the 'More Metadata' tab on the item page.

The FTP server will provide you with a ZIP file with the metadata for all the objects in the dataset with the dataset number '2021672' if you request the URL Unzipping the ZIP File will give you an XML file for every digital cultural heritage object. You can find the metadata for the “Girl with the Pearl Earring” in the ZIP file with the ID of that object, 'resource_document_mauritshuis_670' in the XML file named "resource_document_mauritshuis_670.xml"


The Europeana OAI-PMH Service offers a way to collect large amounts of Europeana data from our repository through a protocol named OAI-PMH (Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting, presently in v2.0). This service allows you to harvest the entirety of our database or a selection of our database. You can select which parts of the Europeana database to download by specifying which datasets you want to download, or by filtering on the date of creation or date of modification of the data.

You can learn more about the harvesting protocol on the Open Archives Initiative (OAI) website and also by reading the OAI for beginners tutorial from the Open Archives Forum.

Available requests

Below you can find the available requests. The base URL for all requests is These links and requests return XML, for which you need to use an XML-aware browser or viewing application.

List of available requests defined by the OAI-PMH protocol:

Structure and Format of the Data

The records in the OAI-PMH service are grouped into Datasets and are available as EDM RDF/XML. An example of a dataset ID that is accepted by the OAI-PMH service is 2022608_Ag_NO_ELocal_DiMu. The records are identified by their URIs. An example of such an identifier is To learn more about and its resources please see the EDM definitions at the introduction page.

Known limitations

Europeana currently doesn't maintain a deleted record registry. Therefore we recommend you re-harvest or download the entire collection at least every six months to ensure your copy of the Europeana repository is up-to-date.

Roadmap and Changelog

We deploy new versions of the service primarily to fix any outstanding issues or introduce new features. The current version of the OAI-PMH Service is 0.8 Beta (2020-10). To see the changes made for this version and also all previous releases, see the API changelog in the project GitHub.